1. Use of latest technological advances to spread ideology.
The Nazis were experienced propagandists who used sophisticated advertising techniques and the latest technology of their time to spread their ideology.
Ideologists of Russian propaganda also use the latest technologies in addition to the media, social networks Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki, and Telegram channels have joined the spread of propaganda.
The main TV channels of Russian propaganda are RT, First Channel, Russia-24, Russia-1, NTV, RBC, and TASS agency.
The symbols of Z, V, launched by Russian propaganda, according to the authors, were to evoke pride in the victory of the "Russian world", and as a result caused in the civilized world a direct identification of the occupying forces with the Nazi swastika.
2. Institutionalization of propaganda
When he came to power, Adolf Hitler created the Ministry of Education and Propaganda to influence public opinion and the behavior of the German population.
In addition to television and the Internet, Russian propagandists use the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, and the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation to spread propaganda and hatred for all things Ukrainian.
3. Genocidal aspirations
Nazi propaganda played a key role in the persecution and, ultimately, the extermination of European Jews.
Propaganda incited hatred and contributed to an atmosphere of indifference to Jewish destiny.
Rospropaganda is conducting a "special military operation" to neutralize Ukrainian nationalists on the territory of Ukraine, in fact, war and genocide against the Ukrainian people and the nation as a whole.
4. Strategies for spreading ideology
Nazi propaganda often portrayed Jews as rebels secretly preparing provocations to incite war. In this case, the stereotypical Jew is plotting behind the scenes to rule the Allied Powers, represented by British, American, and Soviet flags.
After the Nazis seized power in 1933, Hitler created the Imperial Ministry of Education and Propaganda, headed by Josef Goebbels. The ministry's goal was to successfully spread Nazi ideology through art, music, theater, film, books, radio, educational materials, and the press.
As early as 1924, Hitler wrote that the task of propaganda "is not to objectively study the truth, because it may serve the interests of the enemy, and not to show it to the masses with scientific impartiality; its task is to serve our own righteousness, always and invariably. "
Nazi propaganda had several target audiences. The Germans were reminded of the need to fight against foreign enemies and the subversive activities of the Jews. In the run-up to anti-Jewish legislative and punitive measures, propaganda campaigns created an atmosphere of tolerance for violence against Jews, particularly in 1935 (before the Nuremberg Racial Laws passed in September) and 1938 (before the flurry of anti-Semitic economic legislation that followed Kryshtaleva). Propaganda encouraged passivity and approval of future action against Jews, arguing that the Nazi government was allegedly coming to the rescue and "restoring order."
The object of Nazi propaganda was real and imaginary discrimination against ethnic Germans in Eastern European countries that had conquered former German territories after the First World War - Czechoslovakia and Poland. This propaganda was aimed at achieving political loyalty and spreading the so-called racial consciousness among ethnic Germans. It also had to mislead and convince foreign governments, including major European powers, that Nazi Germany's demands for concessions and annexations were legal and just.
After the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Nazi propaganda among civilians and soldiers, police and non-German auxiliaries in the occupied territories emphasized the connection between Soviet communism and European Jewry, portraying Germany as a defender of "Western" culture against the "Jewish-Bolshevik" drawing an apocalyptic picture of what would have happened if the Soviet Union had won the war. This is especially true after the catastrophic defeat of German forces near Stalingrad in February 1943. These themes played an important role in encouraging Germans with and without Nazi views, as well as local collaborators, to fight to the end.
The beginning of the "special operation" in Ukraine was based on Putin's story that "Lenin is the author and architect of Ukraine" and "fighters" about "neo-Nazis" who have been oppressing the people of Donbas for 8 years.
Subsequently, the purpose of the "special operation" of the Russian propagandists changed. The occupier "heroically" fled from the Armed Forces of Kyiv, Chernihiv, and Sumy regions, explaining that there were no more Nazis there.
According to the propaganda, the neo-Nazis remained in Donbas and Mariupol on the territory of the Azovstal plant.
5. The role of cinema.
Cinema also played an important role in spreading the ideas of racial anti-Semitism, the superiority of the German army and the evil nature of enemies defined by Nazi ideology. Nazi films portrayed Jews as "villains" infiltrating Aryan society. For example, Fritz Gippler's The Eternal Jew (1940) portrayed Jews as nomadic cultural parasites who cared only about sex and money. Some films, such as Leni Riefenstahl's The Triumph of Freedom (1935), glorified Hitler and the National Socialist movement. Riefenstahl's other work, Olympia (1938), described the 1936 Berlin Olympics and helped increase national pride in the Nazi regime's success in the Olympics.
A striking example of Putin's propaganda is the Russian film Solntsepek in 2021, which is a mixture of stamps and fakes of Russian propaganda during the 7 years of war in eastern Ukraine.
6. The role of newspapers.
Newspapers in Germany, especially the weekly Der Stürmer ("Stormtrooper"), contained anti-Semitic cartoons. After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, World War II, the Nazi regime used propaganda to convince German civilians and soldiers that Jews were not only "inhumans" but also dangerous enemies of the German Reich. The regime aimed to gain support or at least forced agreement with a policy aimed at the expulsion of Jews from German lands forever.
Russian newspapers report on the victories of Russian troops in the "special operation" and justify Putin's actions.
7. Covering up crimes and mass murders.
During the "final settlement of the Jewish question," the massacre of European Jews, SS officials in death camps forced Holocaust victims to support the deception needed to deport Jews from Germany and occupied Europe as effectively as possible. Officials in concentration camps and death camps forced prisoners, many of whom were later sentenced to death in gas chambers, to send leaflets home, saying they were treated well and lived in good conditions. In this way, the camp leadership used propaganda to cover up crimes and mass killings.
In June 1944, the German secret police allowed the International Committee of the Red Cross to inspect the Theresienstadt ghetto concentration camp, located in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now the Czech Republic). The SS and the police set up the Theresienstadt ghetto camp in November 1941 as a propaganda tool for domestic consumption in the German Reich.
After the inspection, SS workers in the Protectorate made a film in which ghetto prisoners were used to portray the allegedly favorable attitude towards the "residents" of the Theresienstadt ghetto camp. After the filming ended, the SS deported most of the "actors" to the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp.
Until the last minute, Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov insisted that the mass killings of civilians in Bucha were the work of the Armed Forces after the retreat of Russian troops from the Kyiv region.
Following the worldwide publicity of the crimes committed by the Russian invaders in Bucha, Russian propaganda is actively spreading the thesis of "voluntary withdrawal of troops from Kyiv region."
This line of conduct was worked out by Russian propagandists before the meeting of the UN Security Council on the crimes of the occupiers in Bucha. The Kremlin has tried to shift responsibility for the torture of civilians to the Ukrainian military.
After the UN did not react to the Russian pseudo-version of events, the thesis of "agreement" continued to spread by D. Peskov.
8. Mobilization of the population.
Hitler's Nazi regime effectively used propaganda to mobilize the German population in support of its wars of conquest until the overthrow of the regime itself. Nazi propaganda was also important in motivating those who massacred European Jews and other victims of the Nazi regime. It also had to secure the forced consent of millions of other observers to racially motivated persecution and massacres.
The captured Russian soldiers explained their presence on the territory of Ukraine by allegedly participating in military exercises. After the destruction of the bulk of Russia's military forces, to continue the offensive, the Russian armed forces began to conduct so-called covert mobilization.
In the temporarily occupied parts of Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts, the forced mobilization of men with slogans of protection of ORDLO from the Bandera invasion begins.
Several pro-Russian Telegram channels covering the Russian war against Ukraine reported on the "collection and prompt deployment of volunteers" to the Mariupol district to help Donbas residents.